The National Investigation Agency has been created in pursuance of the enactment of the NIA Act, 2008,
and it is mandated, at the national level, to investigate and prosecute offences affecting the
sovereignty, security and integrity of India, friendly relations with foreign States and offences
under Acts enacted to implement international treaties, agreements, conventions and resolutions of the
United Nations and other international organizations and for matters connected therewith or incidental
From the pattern of recent terrorist attacks in different parts of the country, it is clear that
these attacks are planned centrally and executed in a very coordinated manner. On the other hand,
investigations and trials of these cases in different States where such terrorist attacks/incidents
take place tend to be state-centric. This is taken advantage of by the terrorist attack
planners/handlers inimical to the country. To counter such designs, it becomes necessary that
such investigations and prosecutions, as well as tracking of terrorists and fugitives from across
the country, are also centrally coordinated, which would deny any advantage to terrorists.
As per the National Investigation Agency (Manner of Constitution) Rules, 2008,
NIA is to provide assistance to, and seek assistance from other intelligence
and investigation agencies of the Central Government and State Governments.
A workshop on NIA was organized by the Ministry of Home Affairs in Vigyan Bhawan on 12th June, 2009
to explain the legal framework to fight terrorism in the country. It was also suggested that NIA should
hold regional quarterly meetings with State Police and Union Territory Police forces to discuss status
of cases under investigation and prosecution, fugitives, and other issues relating to mutual cooperation
and assistance in criminal investigation etc. Pursuant to this decision the states have nominated Nodal
officers and quarterly coordination meetings are held Zone-wise to discuss the above issues.